Chair: Maarten Botterman

Maarten Botterman

Maarten Botterman is Founder and Director of GNKS, a company known for its policy research on information society issues. Maarten is information society policy expert, based in the Netherlands, and with a focus on European, US and global information society policy issues like impact of technology on society, global governance, information assurance, e-government, and global internet challenges. He has been involved in Information Security policy, Data protection, Future Internet and Internet Governance, both as policy analyst (RAND, GNKS) and as Chairman on the Board of the third largest general Registry in the world (Public Interest Registry, serving .ORG and .NGO, a USA based non-profit business). He has been involved in studies and impact assessments around future internet and other ICT policy related studies since 1999.

Expert Group Members:

  • Maarten Botterman – GNKS, IGF DC IoT, NLnet (chair)
  • Dr David Farber – Carnegie Mellon University, IEEE fellow, ACM fellow (co-chair)
  • Dr Jonathan Cave – Warwick University, GNKS, Regulatory Policy Committee Economist Member
  • Dan Caprio – The Providence Group
  • Dr Avri Doria – Technicalities
  • Dr Ilkka Lakaniemi – Chairman of Future Internet Public Private Partnership, Finland Chamber of Commerce, Aalto University

Policy Papers:

Short overview:

One of the objectives of the PICASSO project is to bring forward policy recommendations that are designed to improve the EU/US ICT collaboration. The Policy Expert Group explores opportunities to support EU/US ICT collaboration improvement by identifying and addressing key policy challenges and opportunities to ICT collaboration.

One of the most contested issues is personal data privacy, which is not only a matter of concern to private sector and civil society stakeholders, but is also an increasing bone of contention between national and supranational governments in relation to criminal justice, national security and other vital national interests.

This is the first of five policies that will be developed by the Policy Expert Group. Whereas PICASSO will not be able to satisfy all concerns across all stakeholders, the aim will be to explore how US/EU collaboration in ICT can be served, best, taking into account the differences in approach towards privacy and data protection in the USA and in Europe, with respect for law and citizens’ expectations, and keeping the widest possible space for innovation and deployment.

Following the discussion about privacy and data protection, the following subjects came forwards as priorities that, looking at the other PICASSO expert subjects (5G networks; Big Data; IoT/CPS) would seem to be relevant across the board:

  • Security: without security we have “nothing”; ensuring a certain level of security will be a key requirement for all ICT applications developed in US/EU. It was decided to propose this as a candidate subject for one of the last four policy papers. David Farber (CMU) kindly volunteered to “hold the pen”, thus facilitating further development of this paper.
  • Standards: standards are important to ensure interoperability, but also relate to possible antitrust issues. ICT related standards today are developing on global level, often beyond the traditional standards bodies that were very sectoral: sectors that are rapidly converging now. Avri Doria (Technicalities) kindly volunteered to “hold the pen”, thus facilitating further development of this paper.
  • Spectrum: for both 5G and IoT/CPS, spectrum issues arise in particular because of the differences that historically exist on spectrum policies around the world. Focus of the paper would be on how to deal with these differences, and how to find ways forward allowing new technologies to find their way. Robert Pepper (Aspen Institute) kindly volunteered to “hold the pen”, thus facilitating further development of this paper.

Suggestion to consider for the 5th paper is a thematic paper on “smart cities” as that brings all these issues, and more, together in a way that is close to the people. This idea was well received during the PICASSO meeting in Washington DC (May 2016), as nowadays cities around the world offer opportunities to truly deploy new technologies in ways where they are directly confronted with citizens’ dreams and wishes and administrations aiming to serve in the best possible way. This thought will be further developed over time.

Overall, the aim is to produce the papers in a three-month rhythm, which means that by the time of our next public physical meeting three policy papers will have been subject to a public webinar, and will have been published to facilitate further debate. Work on the Spectrum paper will still be ongoing, and we will use the opportunity of the next PICASSO conference to kick off the work on smart cities.